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互动社区语言英语口语办公室实用英语口语
办公室实用英语口语
时间:2019/7/26 15:33:19
  不知道大家有没有发现,在收到邮件的时候,结尾都会有电话,以及公司的一些介绍,在邮件中留下联系和传真是非常有必要的,对很多中国人而言,这两个信件结尾(valediction)或奉承话收尾(complimentary closing)似乎没有什么区别,是可以随意互换使用的套话(formulaic phrase),其实不然。它往往需要配合信头称呼(salutation)。
  一般包括yours字样,它是your servant的简写。老式结尾比较长(voluminous),例如:
  I beg to remain,Sir,your most humble and obedient servant,
  O.G.
  可以简写为:
  Your obt.svt.
  O.G.
  或进一步简写为:
  YOS
  O.G.
  现代常见结尾方式:
  在英国,这种老式结尾已经被‘Yours sincerely’与‘Yours faithfully’所取代。它们是更老的(archaic)表达‘I am,yours sincerely’的简写。如果信件开头提及收信人(recepient)的名字,并且写信人(sender/writer)一定程度上认识收信人,那么使用‘Yours sincerely’;如果不知道对方姓名【例如用‘Dear Mr/Madam’开头】,那么需要使用‘Yours faithfully’。如果知道收信人的名字,但没有见面或没有说过话,有些人还是喜欢用比较疏远的(distant)的‘Yours faithfully’,但多数人会使用‘Yours sincerely’。。‘Yours truly’或‘Very truly yours’只在非正式或社会往来信件(social correspondence)中使用,并不常见。
  在美国,社会交往信件通常用‘Yours sincerely’来结尾,而商务信件(business correspondence)中对写信人不知道姓名的人还是使用‘Yours faithfully’。同时,‘Yours sincerely’还常常被写作‘Sincerely yours’或‘Sincerely’。‘Yours truly’或‘Very truly yours’也是常见结尾。
  其它结尾方式:
  ‘Yours,etc.’与‘Yours&c.’见于历史上的书信与美国法律信件(legal correspondence)中。简奥斯汀(Jane Austen)书中的某些信件也是用‘Yours,etc.’来结束。

  在商务信件中,‘Kind regards’,特别是‘Best regards’越来越常见,主要是电子邮件(email)中的半正式(semi-formal)结束语。非正式情况下,它们也可缩写为‘KR’或‘BR’。‘Kindest regards’语气更正式一些,而‘Kindest regards,I remain’则非常正式。


  如果对方是非常有身份的(dignified)的人【例如(head of state)】那么可以用老式结尾,例如:
  I have the honour to remain,Sir,Your Excellency‘s most huble and obedient servant.
  还有其它一些非正式结束语,如‘Best wishes’、‘All my best’或‘Best’。对家人和特别密切的人,可以用‘Your friend’、‘Your loving son’或‘Your Richard’【爱人之间】之类的表达方式。
  Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What City
  Address:地址略-----------------------------------------
  Tel:电话号码略Fax:传真号码略_________________________________________________________________
  To:Ms Jaana Pekkala,Consultant for China Swiss Organization for Facilitating Investments Fax:+41-1-249 31 33
  Total pages of this fax:2
  ________________________________________________
  Dear Ms Jaana Pekkala,
  We understand from The Swiss Business Guide for China that your organization is helping Swiss firms in seeking opportunities of investing in China and business cooperating with Chinese partners.To establish business relations with your organization and attract Swiss companies'investment here in What,We write to introduce our city,the city of What,as one of the open cities in Liaoning Province,China and also ourselves,Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What,as a What government initiative to facilitate business relationship with foreign companies.
  Our committee provides advice and assistance to What firms seeking to export their services,goods to foreign areas and import goods and services abroad.We also assist Whatfirms in establishment of joint ventures and carry the procedures for examination and approval of joint ventures and foreign sole investment firms.Our Committee can provide What companies with information on the world market and specific commercial opportunities as well as organize trade missions,seminars and business briefings.
  Our committee facilitates and encourages investment from other countries into targeted sectors of What economy and maintains active promotion of What through its network of contacts in domestic and abroad areas.
  Nowadays,we are seeking foreign investment in the field of capital construction,such as improving of tap water system and highway construction.Also,we are setting up a tannery zone in Tong'erpu,the largest leather clothes producing and wholesaling base in North China.We invite Swiss companies with most favorable polices to set up their firms in any form on tanning,leather processing and sewage treatment.
  Any information on investment projects into What and on business cooperation with firms in What is highly appreciated and will be pass on to anyone who have approached us with interest in similar project.You are also invited to our city for investigation and business tour.
  Should you have any questions,please fell free to contact us.
  Thank you for your attention and looking forward to your prompt reply.
  Sincerely yours,
  Qiming Di
  Commercial Assistant
  For Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What City.
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